0118 - Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the city.
0455 - Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.
1540 - England's King Henry VIII had his 6-month-old marriage to his fourth wife, Anne of Cleves, annulled.
1789 - In Versailles, the French National Assembly declared itself the Constituent Assembly and began to prepare a French constitution.
1790 - The Swedish navy captured one third of the Russian fleet at the naval battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.
1816 - Argentina declared independence from Spain.
1872 - The doughnut cutter was patented by John F. Blondel.
1877 - Alexander Graham Bell, Gardiner Greene Hubbard, Thomas Sanders and Thomas Watson formed the Bell Telephone Company.
1900 - The Commonwealth of Australia was established by an act of the British Parliament, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.
1910 - W.R. Brookins became the first to fly an airplane a mile in the air.
1943 - American and British forces made an amphibious landing on Sicily.
1947 - The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.