1594 - Gustavus II of Sweden was born.
1608 - English poet John Milton was born in London.
1625 - The Treaty of the Hague was signed by England and the Netherlands. The agreement was to subsidize Christian IV of Denmark in his campaign in Germany.
1783 - The first executions at Newgate Prison took place.
1854 - Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem, "The Charge of the Light Brigade," was published in England.
1940 - During World War II, British troops opened their first major offensive in North Africa.
1941 - China declared war on Japan, Germany and Italy.
1960 - The first episode of "Coronation Street" was screened on ITV.
1983 - NATO foreign ministers called on the Soviet Union to join in a "comprehensive political dialogue" to ease tensions in the world.
1990 - Lech Walesa won Poland's first direct presidential election in the country's history.
1990 - Slobodan Milosovic was elected president in Serbia's first free elections in 50 years.