1918 - Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II announced he would abdicate. He then fled to the Netherlands.
1938 - Nazi troops and sympathizers destroyed and looted 7,500 Jewish businesses, burned 267 synagogues, killed 91 Jews, and rounded up over 25,000 Jewish men in an event that became known as Kristallnacht or "Night of Broken Glass."
1976 - The U.N. General Assembly approved ten resolutions condemning the apartheid government in South Africa.
1979 - The United Nations Security Council unanimously called upon Iran to release all American hostages "without delay." Militants, mostly students had taken 63 Americans hostage at the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, on November 4.
1990 - Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev signed a non-aggression treaty with Germany.