1099 - Christian soldiers on the First Crusade march around Jerusalem.
1608 - The first French settlement at Quebec was established by Samuel de Champlain.
1663 - King Charles II of England granted a charter to Rhode Island.
1709 - Peter the Great defeated Charles XII at Poltava, in the Ukraine, The Swedish empire was effectively ended.
1755 - Britain broke off diplomatic relations with France as their disputes in the New World intensified.
1776 - Col. John Nixon gave the first public reading of the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
1794 - French troops captured Brussels, Belgium.
1815 - Louis XVIII returned to Paris after the defeat of Napoleon.
1865 - C.E. Barnes patented the machine gun.
1889 - The Wall Street Journal was first published.