1818 - "Academician" began publication in New York City.
1893 - Elisha Gray patented a machine called the telautograph. It automatically signed autographs to documents.
1922 - DeWitt and Lila Acheson Wallace offered 5,000 copies of "Reader's Digest" magazine for the first time.
1944 - During World War II, the Germans launched a counteroffensive at Anzio, Italy.
1974 - The nation of Grenada gained independence from Britain.
1977 - Russia launched Soyuz 24.
1984 - Space shuttle astronauts Bruce McCandless II and Robert L. Stewart made the first untethered space walk.