1913 - Mohandas K. Gandhi was arrested as he led a march of Indian miners in South Africa.
1917 - During World War I, Candian forces take the village of Passchendaele, Belgium, in the Third Battle of Ypres.
1975 - King Hassan II of Morocco launches the Green March, a mass migration of 300,000 unarmed Moroccans, that march into the nation of Western Sahara.
1991 - Kuwait celebrated the dousing of the last of the oil fires ignited by Iraq during the Persian Gulf War.
1999 - Australian voters rejected a referendum to drop Britain's queen as their head of state.