1242 - Russian troops repelled an invasion attempt by the Teutonic Knights.
1614 - American Indian Pocahontas married English colonist John Rolfe in Virginia.
1843 - Queen Victoria proclaimed Hong Kong to be a British crown colony.
1869 - Daniel Bakeman, the last surviving soldier of the U.S. Revolutionary War, died at the age of 109.
1908 - The Japanese Army reached the Yalu River as the Russians retreated.
1930 - Mahatma Ghandi defied British law by making salt in India.
1933 - The first operation to remove a lung was performed at Barnes Hospital in St. Louis.
1941 - German commandos secured docks along the Danube River in preparation for Germany’s invasion of the Balkans.
1955 - Winston Churchill resigned as British prime minister.
1989 - In Poland, accords were signed between Solidarity and the government that set free elections for June 1989.