1750 - "King Richard III" was performed in New York City. It was the first Shakespearean play to be presented in America.
1770 - "The Boston Massacre" took place when British troops fired on a crowd in Boston killing five people. Two British troops were later convicted of manslaughter.
1836 - Samuel Colt manufactured the first pistol (.34-caliber).
1864 - For the first time, Oxford met Cambridge in track and field competition in England.
1901 - Germany and Britain began negotiations with hopes of creating an alliance.
1912 - The Italians became the first to use dirigibles for military purposes.
1918 - The Soviets moved the capital of Russia from Petrograd to Moscow.
1933 - The Nazi Party won 44 percent of the vote in German parliamentary elections.
1943 - Germany called fifteen and sixteen year olds for military service due to war losses.
1946 - Winston Churchill delivered his "Iron Curtain Speech".
1946 - The U.S. sent protests to the U.S.S.R. on incursions into Manchuria and Iran.
1953 - Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin died. He had been in power for 29 years.
1970 - A nuclear non-proliferation treaty went into effect after 43 nations ratified it.
1993 - Sprinter Ben Johnson was banned from racing for life by the Amateur Athletic Association after testing positive for banned performance-enhancing substances for a second time.
1997 - North Korea and South Korea met for first time in 25 years for peace talks.
1998 - NASA announced that an orbiting craft had found enough water on the moon to support a human colony and rocket fueling station.