1606 - Guy Fawkes was executed after being convicted for his role in the "Gunpowder Plot" against the English Parliament and King James I.
1858 - The Great Eastern, the five-funnelled steamship designed by Brunel, was launched at Millwall.
1865 - In America, General Robert E. Lee was named general-in-chief of the Confederate armies.
1876 - All Native American Indians were ordered to move into reservations.
1893 - The trademark "Coca-Cola" was first registered in the United States Patent Office.
1917 - Germany announced its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1929 - The USSR exiled Leon Trotsky. He found asylum in Mexico.
1940 - The first Social Security check was issued by the U.S. Government.
1946 - A new constitution in Yugoslavia created six constituent republics (Serbia, Montenegro, Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Macedonia) subordinated to a central authority, on the model of the USSR.
1950 - U.S. President Truman announced that he had ordered development of the hydrogen bomb.
1958 - Explorer I was put into orbit around the earth. It was the first U.S. earth satellite.
1971 - Astronauts Alan B. Shepard Jr., Edgar D. Mitchell and Stuart A. Roosa blasted off aboard Apollo 14 on a mission to the moon.
1971 - Telephone service between East and West Berlin was re-established after 19 years.
1983 - The wearing of seat belts in cars became compulsory in Britain.
1990 - McDonald's Corp. opened its first fast-food restaurant in Moscow, Russia.
2001 - A Scottish court in the Netherlands convicted one Libyan and acquitted a second in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, that occurred in 1988.