1823 - Ferdinand VII was restored to the throne of Spain when invited French forces entered Cadiz. The event is known as the Battle of Trocadero.
1887 - The kinetoscope was patented by Thomas Edison. The device was used to produce moving pictures.
1888 - Mary Ann "Polly" Nicholls was found murdered in London. The murder is generally accepted as the first "Jack the Ripper" crime.
1962 - The Caribbean nations Tobago and Trinidad became independent within the British Commonwealth.
1989 - Great Britain's Princess Anne and Mark Phillips announced that they were separating. The marriage was 16 years old.
1990 - East and West Germany signed a treaty that meant the harmonizing of political and legal systems.
1991 - Uzbekistan and Kirghiziz declared their independence from the Soviet Union. They were the 9th and 10th republics to announce their plans to secede.
1993 - Russia withdrew its last soldiers from Lithuania.
1994 - A cease-fire was declared by the Irish Republican Army after 25 years of bloodshed in Northern Ireland.
1994 - Russia officially ended its military presence in the former East Germany and the Baltics after a half-century.
1997 - Princess Diana of Wales died at age 36 in a car crash in Paris.