30 B.C. - Cleopatra, the seventh queen of Egypt, committed suicide.
1146 - European leaders outlawed the crossbow.
1918 - Fanny Dora Kaplan fired three shots at Vladimir Ilyich Lenin in an assassination attempt.
1941 - During World War II, the Nazis severed the last railroad link between Leningrad and the rest of the Soviet Union.
1963 - The "Hotline" between Moscow and Washington, DC, went into operation.
1991 - The Soviet republic of Azerbaijan declared its independence.
1996 - An expedition to raise part of the Titanic failed when the nylon lines being used to raise part of the hull snapped.