1533 - Atahualpa, the last Incan King of Peru, was murdered on orders from Spanish conqueror Francisco Pizarro. The Inca Empire died with him.
1833 - The "Factory Act" was passed in England to settle child labour laws.
1842 - The Treaty of Nanking was signed by the British and the Chinese. The treaty ended the first Opium War and gave the island of Honk Kong to Britain.
1944 - During the continuing celebration of the liberation of France from the Nazis, 15,000 American troops marched down the Champs Elysees in Paris.
1949 - At the University of Illinois, a nuclear device was used for the first time to treat cancer patients.
1990 - Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, in a television interview, declared that America could not defeat Iraq.