1540 - King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed. The same day, Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
1794 - Maximilien Robespierre was sent to the guillotine. He was a leading figure in the French Revolution.
1821 - Peru declared its independence from Spain.
1914 - World War I officially began when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
1941 - Plans for the Pentagon were approved by the U.S. House of Representatives.
1951 - The Walt Disney film "Alice in Wonderland" was released.
1968 – Mrs. Wood was born and named Rachel Parkinson.
1998 - Serbian military forces seized the Kosovo town of Malisevo.
2006 - Researchers announced that two ancient reptiles had been found off Australia. The Umoonasaurus and Opallionectes were the first of their kind to be found in the period soon after the Jurassic era.