1635 - The French colony of Guadeloupe was established in the Caribbean.
1709 - The Russians defeated the Swedes and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava.
1914 - Archduke Francis Ferdinand were assassinated by Serb nationalist in (what is now known as) Sarajevo, Bosnia.
1919 - The Treaty of Versailles was signed ending World War I exactly five years after it began. The treaty also established the League of Nations.
1939 - Pan American Airways began the first transatlantic passenger service.
1942 - German troops launched an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus and the city of Stalingrad.
1949 - The last U.S. combat troops were called home from Korea, leaving only 500 advisers.
1960 - In Cuba, Fidel Castro confiscated American-owned oil refineries.
2001 - Slobodan Milosevic was taken into custody and was handed over to the U.N. war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands. The indictment charged Milosevic and four other senior officials, with crimes against humanity and violations of the laws and customs of war in Kosovo.
2004- The U.S. resumed diplomatic ties with Libya after a 24-year break.