1776 - The Battle of White Plains took place during the American Revolutionary War.
1922 - Benito Mussolini took control of the Italian government and introduced fascism to Italy.
1940 - During World War II, Italy invaded Greece.
1958 - Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli was elected Pope. He took the name John XXIII.
1962 - Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev informed the U.S. that he had ordered the dismantling of Soviet missile bases in Cuba.
1965 - Pope Paul VI issued a decree absolving Jews of collective guilt for the crucifixion of Jesus Christ.
1986 - The centennial of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated in New York.