1945 - Winston Churchill resigned as Britain's prime minister.
1952 - King Farouk I of Egypt abdicated in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser.
1953 - Fidel Castro began his revolt against Fulgencio Batista with an unsuccessful attack on an army barracks in eastern Cuba. Castro eventually ousted Batista six years later.
1956 - Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser nationalized the Suez Canal.