0326 - Constantine refused to carry out the traditional pagan sacrifices.
1394 - Charles VI of France issued a decree for the general expulsion of Jews from France.
1564 - Maximillian II became emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1587 - Japanese strong-man Hideyoshi banned Christianity in Japan and ordered all Christians to leave.
1593 - France's King Henry IV converted from Protestantism to Roman Catholicism.
1759 - British forces defeated a French army at Fort Niagara in Canada.
1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Ottomans at Aboukir, Egypt.
1845 - China granted Belgium equal trading rights with Britain, France and the United States.
1854 - The paper collar was patented by Walter Hunt.
1866 - Ulysses S. Grant was named General of the Army. He was the first American officer to hold the rank.
1914 - Russia declared that it would act to protect Serbian sovereignty.
1924 - Greece announced the deportation of 50,000 Armenians.
1934 - Austrian chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss was shot and killed by Nazis.
1941 - The U.S. government froze all Japanese and Chinese assets.
1943 - Italian Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini was overthrown in a coup.
1952 - Puerto Rico became a self-governing commonwealth of the U.S.
1978 - Louise Joy Brown, the first test-tube baby, was born in Oldham, England. She had been conceived through in-vitro fertilization.
1994 - Israel and Jordan formally ended the state of war that had existed between them since 1948.
2000 - A supersonic Concorde crashed outside Paris, France, killing all 109 people aboard and 5 on the ground.