0841 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German defeated Lothar at Fontenay.
1080 - At Brixen, a council of bishops declared Pope Gregory to be deposed and Archbishop Guibert as antipope Clement III.
1580 - The Book of Concord was first published. The book is a collection of doctrinal standards of the Lutheran Church.
1658 - Aurangzeb proclaimed himself emperor of the Moghuls in India.
1767 - Mexican Indians rioted as Jesuit priests were ordered home.
1867 - Lucien B. Smith patented the first barbed wire.
1870 - In Spain, Queen Isabella abdicated in favor of Alfonso XII.
1877 - In Philadelphia, PA, Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated the telephone for Sir William Thomson (Baron Kelvin) and Emperor Pedro II of Brazil at the Centennial Exhibition.
1917 - The first American fighting troops landed in France.
1920 - The Greeks took 8,000 Turkish prisoners in Smyrna.
1941 - Finland declared war on the Soviet Union.
1946 - Ho Chi Minh traveled to France for talks on Vietnamese independence.
1948 - The Soviet Union tightened its blockade of Berlin by intercepting river barges heading for the city.
1950 - North Korea invaded South Korea initiating the Korean War.
1987 - Austrian President Kurt Waldheim visited Pope John Paul II at the Vatican. The meeting was controversial due to allegations that Waldheim had hidden his Nazi past.