63 B.C. - Caesar Augustus was born in Rome.
1713 - King Ferdinand VI of Spain was born in Madrid. He was king from 1746 to 1759.
1780 - John Andre, a British spy, was captured with papers revealing that Benedict Arnold was going to surrender West Point to the British.
1846 - Astronomer Johann Gottfried Galle discovered the planet Neptune.
1939 - Sigmund Freud died in London. He was recognized as the founder of psychoanalysis.
1991 - U.N. weapons inspectors find documents detailing Iraq's secret nuclear weapons program. The find in Baghdad triggered a standoff with authorities in Iraq.
1993 - The Israeli parliament ratified the Israel-PLO accord.