1839 - Hong Kong was taken by the British in a war with China.
1926 - Rudolph Valentino died. He was 31 and had been a silent film star.
1939 - Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union signed a non-aggression treaty.
1944 - During World War II, Romanian prime minister Ion Antonescue was dismissed. Soon after the country would abandon the Axis and join the Allies.
1944 - Marseilles was captured by Allied troops during World War II.
1952 - The security pact of the Arab League came into effect.
1990 - President Saddam Hussein appeared on Iraqi state television with a group of Western detainees that he referred to as "guests." He told the group that they were being held "to prevent the scourge of war."