1574 - France began the 5th holy war against the Huguenots.
1660 - Charles XI became the king of Sweden.
1875 - J. Palisa discovered asteroid #143 (aka Adria).
1886 - Charles M. Hall completed his invention of aluminum.
1887 - The French/Italian Riviera was hit by an earthquake that killed about 2,000.
1898 - In France, Emile Zola was imprisoned for his letter, "J'accuse," which accused the government of anti-Semitism and wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus.
1900 - The Battle of Hart's Hill took place in South Africa between the Boers and the British army.
1904 - The U.S. acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million.
1919 - The Fascist Party was formed in Italy by Benito Mussolini.
1940 - Russian troops conquered Lasi Island.
1940 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio" was released.
1945 - The 28th Regiment of the Fifth Marine Division of the U.S. Marines reached the top of Mount Surabachi. A photograph of these Marines raising the American flag was taken.
1970 - Guyana became a republic.
1991 - During the Persian Gulf War, ground forces crossed the border of Saudi Arabia into the country of Iraq. Less than four days later the war was over, due to the surrender/ withdraw of Iraqi forces.
1997 - It was announced by scientists in Scotland that they had succeeded in cloning an adult mammal. The animal was a lamb named "Dolly."
2000 - Robby Knieval made a successful motorcycle jump of 200 feet over an oncoming train.
2005 - The New York, NY, city medical examiner's office annouced that it had exhausted all efforts to identify the remains of the people killed at the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, due to the limits of DNA technology. About 1,600 people had been identified leaving more than 1,100 unidentified.