1792 - The French Republic was proclaimed.
1828 - Shaka, the African ruler and founder of the Zulu kingdom, was murdered by his half-brother Dingane. Shaka's mental illness had begun to compromise his leadership.
1903 - Italo Marchiony was granted a patent for the ice cream cone.
1914 - Three British cruisers were sunk by one German submarine in the North Sea.
1949 - The Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb successfully.
1980 - A border conflict between Iran and Iraq developed into a full-scale war.
1992 - The U.N. General Assembly expelled Yugoslavia for its role in the war between Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1998 - The U.S. and Russia signed two agreements. One was to privatize Russia's nuclear program and the other was to stop plutonium stockpiles and nuclear scientists from leaving the country.