1404 - Owain Glyndwr established a Welsh Parliament at Machynlleth and was crowned Prince of Wales.
1859 - Andrew Lanergan received the first rocket patent.
1913 - Georgia Broadwick became the first woman to jump from an airplane.
1941 - German troops entered Russia on a front from the Arctic to Black Sea.
1981 - "Raiders of the Lost Ark" opened.
1985 - Scientists announced that skeletal remains exhumed in Brazil were those of Nazi war criminal Josef Mengele.
2003 - The fifth Harry Potter book, "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix," was published by J.K. Rowling. Amazon.com shipped out more than one million copies on this day making the day the largest distribution day of a single item in e-commerce history. The book set sales records around the world with an estimated 5 million copies were sold on the first day.