1349 - 3,000 Jews were killed in Black Death riots in Efurt Germany.
1804 - The French civil code, the Code Napoleon, was adopted.
1556 - Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was burned at the stake at Oxford.
1851 - Emperor Tu Duc ordered that Christian priests be put to death.
1851 - Yosemite Valley was discovered in California.
1859 - In Philadelphia, the first Zoological Society was formed.
1904 - The British Parliament vetoed a proposal to send Chinese workers to Transvaal.
1907 - The first Parliament of Transvaal met in Pretoria.
1908 - A passenger was carried in a bi-plane for the first time by Henri Farman of France.
1918 - During World War I, the Germans launched the Somme Offensive.
1941 - The last Italian post in East Libya, North Africa, fell to the British.
1945 - During World War II, Allied bombers began four days of raids over Germany.
1963 - Alcatraz Island, the federal penitentiary in San Francisco Bay closed.
1965 - The U.S. launched Ranger 9. It was the last in a series of unmanned lunar explorations.
1965 - More than 3,000 civil rights demonstrators led by the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. began a march from Selma to Montgomery.
1971 - Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refused their orders to advance.
1980 - On the TV show Dallas, J.R. Ewing was shot.
1990 - Namibia became independent of South Africa.
1991 - The U.N. Security Council lifted the food embargo against Iraq.
1994 - Bill Gates of Microsoft and Craig McCaw of McCaw Cellular Communications announced a $9 billion plan that would send 840 satellites into orbit to relay information around the globe.
2001 - Nintendo released Game Boy Advance.