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1139 - The Second Lateran Council opened in Rome.

1534 - Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, set sail from St. Malo to explore the North American coastline.

1689 - The siege of Londonderry began. Supporters of James II attacked the city.

1792 - France declared war on Austria, Prussia, and Sardinia. It was the start of the French Revolutionary wars.

1809 - Napoleon defeated Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria.

1861 - Robert E. Lee resigned from U.S. Army.

1902 - Scientists Marie and Pierre Curie isolated the radioactive element radium.

1919 - The Polish Army captured Vilno, Lithuania from the Soviets.

1945 - Soviet troops began their attack on Berlin.

1945 - During World War II, Allied forces took control of the German cities of Nuremberg and Stuttgart.

1972 - The manned lunar module from Apollo 16 landed on the moon.

1984 - Britain announced that its administration of Hong Kong would cease in 1997.

1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev became the first Soviet head of state to visit South Korea.

1992 - The worlds largest fair, Expo '92, opened in Seville, Spain. 
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