1519 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan left Spain to find a route to the Spice Islands of Indonesia. Magellan was killed during the trip, but one of his ships eventually made the journey.
1870 - The Papal States came under the control of Italian troops, leading to the unification of Italy.
1946 - The first Cannes Film Festival premiered. The original premier was delayed in 1939 due to World War II.
1958 - Martin Luther King Jr. was stabbed in the chest at a New York City department store by an apparently deranged black woman.
1963 - U.S. President John F. Kennedy proposed a joint U.S.-Soviet expedition to the moon in a speech to the U.N. General Assembly.
1992 - French voters approved the Maastricht Treaty.