0408 - Theodosius II succeeded to the throne of Constantinople.
1308 - King Albert was murdered by his nephew John, because he refused his share of the Habsburg lands.
1486 - Christopher Columbus convinced Queen Isabella to fund an expedition to the West Indies.
1707 - England, Wales and Scotland were united to form Great Britain.
1883 - William F. Cody (Buffalo Bill) had his first Wild West Show.
1905 - In New York, radium was tested as a cure for cancer.
1912 - In London's Kensington Gardens, a statue of Peter Pan was erected.
1927 - Adolf Hitler held his first Nazi meeting in Berlin.
1931 - The Empire State Building in New York was dedicated and opened. It was 102 stories tall and was the tallest building in the world at the time.
1937 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt signed an act of neutrality, keeping the United States out of World War II.
1945 - Admiral Karl Doenitz succeeded Hitler as leader of the Third Reich. This was one day after Hitler committed suicide.
1948 - The People's Democratic Republic of Korea (North Korea) was proclaimed.
1961 - Fidel Castro announced there would be no more elections in Cuba.
1999 - On Mount Everest, a group of U.S. mountain climbers discovered the body of George Mallory. Mallory had died in June of 1924 while trying to become the first person to reach the summit of Everest. At the time of the discovery it was unclear whether or not Mallory had actually reached the summit.
2000 - The "Barbie for President" doll was released in stores.