1835 - Hans Christian Andersen published his first book of fairy tales.
1919 - Lady Astor was sworn in as the first female member of the British Parliament.
1925 - The Locarno Pact finalized the treaties between World War I protagonists.
1934 - Sergei M. Kirov, a collaborator of Joseph Stalin, was assassinated at the Leningrad party headquarters.
1943 - In Teheran, leaders of the United States, the USSR and the United Kingdom met to reaffirm the goal set on October 30, 1943. The previous meeting called for an early establishment of an international organization to maintain peace and security.
1959 - 12 countries, including the U.S. and USSR, signed a treaty that set aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve, which would be free from military activity.
1965 - An airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began.
1973 - David Ben-Gurion, the founding father of Israel and its first prime minister, died at the age of 87.
1990 - British and French workers digging the Channel Tunnel finally met under the English Channel.
1991 - Ukrainians voted overwhelmingly for independence from the Soviet Union.