1512 - Michelangelo's paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel were first exhibited to the public.
1604 - "Othello," the tragedy by William Shakespeare, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.
1611 - "The Tempest," Shakespeare's romantic comedy, was first presented at Whitehall Palace in London.
1755 - At least 60,000 people were killed in Lisbon, Portugal by an earthquake, its aftershocks and the ensuing tsunami.
1800 - U.S. President John Adams became the first president to live in the White House when he moved in.
1894 - Russian Emperor Alexander III died.
1911 - Italy used planes to drop bombs on the Tanguira oasis in Libya. It was the first aerial bombing.
1936 - Benito Mussolini made a speech in Milan, Italy, in which he described the alliance between Italy and Nazi Germany as an "axis" running between Berlin and Rome.
1952 - The United States exploded the first hydrogen bomb on Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands.
1954 - Algeria began to rebel against French rule.
1989 - Tens of thousands of refugees to fled to the West when East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia.
1989 - Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega announced the end of a cease-fire with the Contra rebels.