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1498 - Christopher Columbus landed on "Isla Santa" (Venezuela).

1774 - Oxygen was isolated from air successfully by chemist Carl Wilhelm and scientist Joseph Priestly.

1818 - Maria Mitchell was born. She was the first female professional astronomer and the first women to be elected into the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

1834 - Slavery was outlawed in the British Empire with an emancipation bill.

1893 - Shredded wheat was patented by Henry Perky and William Ford.

1914 - Germany declared war on Russia at the beginning of World War I.

1936 - Adolf Hitler presided over the Olympic Games as they opened in Berlin.

1944 - In Warsaw, Poland, an uprising against Nazi occupation began. The revolt continued until October 2 when Polish forces surrendered.

1975 - The Helsinki accords pledged the signatory nations to respect human rights. 
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