1794 - The U.S. and Britain signed the Jay Treaty, which resolved the issues left over from the Revolutionary War.
1863 - U.S. President Lincoln delivered his Gettysburg Address as he dedicated a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield in Pennsylvania.
1942 - During World War II, Russian forces launched their winter offensive against the Germans along the Don front.
1970 - Hafiz al-Assad seized power in Syria.
1985 - U.S. President Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev met for the first time as they began their summit in Geneva.
1990 - NATO and the Warsaw Pact signed a treaty of nonaggression.
1998 - Vincent van Gogh's "Portrait of the Artist Without Beard" sold at auction for more than $71 million.
2003 - Eight competing designs for a memorial to the victims of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks at the World Trade Center were unveiled. One design would be built at the site of the World Trade Center.