1692 - Five women and a clergyman were executed after being convicted of witchcraft in Salem, U.S.
1848 - The discovery of gold in California was reported by the New York Herald.
1856 - The process of processing condensed milk was patented by Gail Borden.
1883 - The French dress designer Gabrille "Coco" Chanel was born.
1919 - Afghanistan gained independence from Britain.
1921 - Gene Roddenberry was born in El Paso, Texas, he created the TV series Star Trek.
1934 - Adolf Hitler was approved for sole executive power in Germany as Fuehrer.
1942 - About 6,000 Canadian and British soldiers launched a raid against the Germans at Dieppe, France.
1960 - Two dogs were launched in a satellite into Earth's orbit by the Soviet Union.
1999 - In Belgrade, thousands of Serbs attended a rally to demand the resignation of Yugoslavia's President Slobodan Milosevic.
2002 - A Russian military helicopter crashed after being shot by rebels in Chechnya. 119 people were killed.
2004 - Google Inc. stock began selling on the Nasdaq Stock Market. The initial price was set at $85 and ended the day at $100.34 with more than 22 million shares traded.