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19th

1856 - The tintype camera was patented by Professor Hamilton L. Smith.

1878 - Thomas Alva Edison patented a music player (the phonograph).

1942 - U.S. President Roosevelt signed an executive order giving the military the authority to relocate and intern Japanese-Americans.

1942 - Approximately 150 Japanese warplanes attacked the Australian city of Darwin.

1945 - During World War II, about 30,000 U.S. Marines landed on Iwo Jima.

1959 - Cyprus was granted its independence with the signing of an agreement with Britain, Turkey and Greece.

1963 - The Soviet Union informed U.S. President Kennedy it would withdraw "several thousand" of its troops in Cuba.

1985 - Mickey Mouse was welcomed to China as part of the 30th anniversary of Disneyland. The touring mouse played 30 cities in 30 days.

1985 - William Schroeder became the first artificial-heart patient to leave the confines of the hospital.

1985 - Cherry Coke was introduced by the Coca-Cola Company.

1986 - The Soviet Union launched the Mir space station.

1997 - Deng Xiaoping of China died at the age of 92. He was the last of China's major revolutionaries.

2002 - NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft began using its thermal emission imaging system to map Mars.
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