0037 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius’ will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
1190 - Crusaders killed 57 Jews in Bury St. Edmonds England.
1532 - The English parliament banned payments by the English church to Rome.
1766 - Britain repealed the Stamp Act.
1813 - David Melville patented the gas streetlight.
1881 - Barnum and Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opened in Madison Square Gardens.
1891 - Britain became linked to the continent of Europe by telephone.
1899 - Phoebe, a moon of the planet Saturn, was discovered.
1900 - Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club) was formed.
1903 - France dissolved the Catholic religious orders.
1909 - Einar Dessau of Denmark used a short wave transmitter to become the first person to broadcast as a "ham" operator.
1913 - Greek King George I was killed by an assassin. Constantine I succeeded him.
1917 - The Germans sank the U.S. ships, City of Memphis, Vigilante and the Illinois, without any warning.
1921 - The steamer "Hong Koh" ran aground off of Swatow China. Over 1,000 people were killed.
1922 - Mohandas K. Gandhi was sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India. He served only 2 years of the sentence.
1922 - Princeton and Yale played the first intercollegiate indoor polo championship.
1940 - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini held a meeting at the Brenner Pass. The Italian dictator agreed to join in Germany's war against France and Britain during the meeting.
1944 - The Russians reached the Rumanian border in the Balkans during World War II.
1945 - 1,250 U.S. bombers attacked Berlin.
1948 - France, Great Britain, and Benelux signed the Treaty of Brussels.
1949 - The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was ratified.
1952 - In Philadelphia, PA, the first plastic lenses were fitted for a cataract patient.
1963 - France performed an underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria.
1975 - The Kurds ended their fight against Iraq.
1980 - The Vostok rocket exploded on the launch pad killing 50.
1986 - Buckingham Palace announced the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.
1989 - A 4,400-year-old mummy was discovered at the Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt.
1990 - The first free elections took place in East Germany.
1992 - White South Africans voted for constitutional reforms that would give legal equality to blacks.