1709 - The creator of the first dictionary of the English language, Samuel Johnson, was born in England.
1759 - The French formally surrendered Quebec to the British.
1810 - Chile declared its independence from Spain.
1984 - The 39th session of the U.N. General Assembly was opened with an appeal to the U.S. and Soviet Union to resume arms negotiations.
1991 - U.S. President Bush said that he would send warplanes to escort U.N. helicopters that were searching for hidden Iraqi weapons if it became necessary.