1880 - Founder of the Kraft Food Company, Charles Kraft was born.
1888 - The first issue of "National Geographic Magazine" was released at newsstands.
1931 - Al Capone was convicted on income tax evasion and was sentenced to 11 years in prison.
1973 - The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) began an oil-embargo against several countries including the U.S. and Great Britain. The incident stemmed from Western support of Israel when Egypt and Syria attacked the nation on October 6, 1973. The embargo lasted until March of 1974.
1979 - Mother Teresa of India was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.