0455 - Rome was sacked by the Vandal army.
1487 - The War of the Roses ended with the Battle of Stoke.
1567 - Mary, Queen of Scots, was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle in Scotland.
1815 - Napoleon defeated the Prussians at the Battle of Ligny, Netherlands.
1907 - The Russian czar dissolved the Duma in St. Petersburg.
1925 - France accepted a German proposal for a security pact.
1932 - The ban on Nazi storm troopers was lifted by the von Papen government in Germany.
1941 - U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt ordered the closure of all German consulates in the United States.
1952 - "Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl" was published in the United States.
1961 - Rudolf Nureyev defected from the Soviet Union while in Paris, traveling with the Leningrad Kirov Ballet.
1963 - 26-year-old Valentina Tereshkova went into orbit aboard the Vostok 6 spacecraft for three days. She was the first female space traveler.