1190 - The Crusaders began the massacre of Jews in York, England.
1521 - Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Philippines. He was killed the next month by natives.
1802 - The U.S. Congress established the West Point Military Academy in New York.
1907 - The world's largest cruiser, the British Invincible was completed at Glasgow.
1917 - Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne.
1935 - Adolf Hitler ordered a German rearmament and violated the Versailles Treaty.
1939 - Germany occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia.
1968 - U.S. troops in Vietnam destroyed a village consisting mostly of women and children. The event is known as the My-Lai massacre.
1989 - The Soviet Communist Party's Central Committee approved large-scale agricultural reforms and elected the party's 100 members to the Congress of People's Deputies.
1993 - In France, ostrich meat was officially declared fit for human consumption.
1994 - Russia agreed to phase out production of weapons-grade plutonium.
1995 - NASA astronaut Norman Thagard became the first American to visit the Russian space station Mir.
1998 - Rwanda began mass trials for 1994 genocide with 125,000 suspects for 500,000 murders.