1654 - A meteorological office established in Tuscany began recording daily temperature readings.
1815 - Jane Austen's "Emma" was published.
1840 - Napoleon Bonapart's remains were interred in Les Invalides in Paris, having been brought from St. Helena, where he died in exile.
1961 - Former Nazi official Adolf Eichmann was sentenced to death in Jerusalem by an Israeli court. He had been tried on charges for organizing the deportation of Jews to concentration camps.
1966 - Walter Elias "Walt" Disney died in Los Angeles at the age of 65.
1982 - Gibraltar's frontier with Spain was opened to pedestrian use after 13 years.
1993 - The prime ministers of Britain and the Republic of Ireland (John Major and Albert Reynolds respectively) made the "Downing Street Declaration," stating the basis for trying to achieve peace in Northern Ireland.
1995 - The U.N. Security Council authorized NATO to take over the peacekeeping operations in Bosnia.
2000 - The Chernobyl atomic power plant in Kiev, Ukraine, was shut down.