54 A.D. - The Roman emperor Claudius I died after being poisoned by his wife, Agrippina.
1775 - The U.S. Continental Congress ordered the construction of a naval fleet.
1943 - During World War II, Italy signed an armistice with the Allies and declared war on Germany.
1944 - American troops entered Aachen, Germany, during World War II.
1944 - During World War II, British and Greek advance units landed at Piraeus.
1990 - Le Duc Tho died at the age of 79. He was a co-founder of the Vietnamese Communist Party.
1992 - A commercial flight record was set by an Air France supersonic jetliner for circling the Earth in 33 hours and one minute.