1792 - In Vienna, 22-year-old Ludwig van Beethoven received one of his first lessons in music composition from Franz Joseph Haydn.
1800 - Washington, DC, was established as the capital of the United States.
1863 - Norwegian painter Edvard Munch was born. His most known work is "The Scream."
1915 - The first all-metal aircraft, the German Junkers J1, made its first flight.
1963 - Kenya gained its independence from Britain.
1995 - Two French airmen shot down over Bosnia arrived home after almost four months of being held captive by the Bosnian Serbs.
2002 - North Korea announced that it would reactivate a nuclear power plant that U.S. officials believed was being used to develop weapons.