1840 - Sculptor Auguste Rodin was born in Paris. His most widely known works are "The Kiss" and "The Thinker."
1918 - Austria was declared an independent republic only one day after the end of World War I.
1927 - Joseph Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union.
1940 - Walt Disney released "Fantasia."
1942 - During World War II, naval battle of Guadalcanal began between Japanese and American forces. The Americans won a major victory.
1944 - During World War II, the German battleship "Tirpitz" was sunk off the coast of Norway.
1948 - The war crimes tribunal sentenced Japanese Premier Hideki Tojo and six other World War II Japanese leaders to death.
1980 - The U.S. space probe Voyager I came within 77,000 miles of Saturn while transmitting data back to Earth.
1990 - Japanese Emperor Akihito formally assumed the Chrysanthemum Throne.
1997 - Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
2001 - It was reported that the Northern Alliance had taken the Kabul, Afghanistan, from the ruling Taliban.