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1346 - Charles IV of Luxembourg was elected Holy Roman Emperor in Germany.

1488 - James III of Scotland was murdered after his defeat at the Battle of Sauchieburn, Stirling. He was succeeded by his son James IV.

1509 - King Henry VIII married his first of six wives, Catherine of Aragon.

1770 - Captain James Cook discovered the Great Barrier Reef off of Australia when he ran aground.

1798 - Napoleon Bonaparte took the island of Malta.

1847 - Sir John Franklin died in Canada while attempting to discover the Northwest Passage. Franklin was an English naval officer and an Arctic explorer.

1903 - King Alexander and Queen Draga of Serbia were murdered in a coup by members of the Serbian army.

1910 - Jacques-Yves Cousteau was born. He was the French underwater explorer that invented the Aqua-Lung diving apparatus.

1927 - Charles A. Lindberg was presented the first Distinguished Flying Cross.

1934 - The Disarmament Conference in Geneva ended in failure.

1937 - Soviet leader Josef Stalin began a purge of Red Army generals.

1942 - The U.S. and the Soviet Union signed a lend lease agreement to aid the Soviets in their effort in World War II.

1943 - During World War II, the Italian island of Pantelleria surrendered after a heavy air bombardment.

1963 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was arrested in Florida for trying to integrate restaurants.

1982 - Steven Spielberg's movie "E.T." opened.

1987 - Margaret Thatcher became the first British prime minister in 160 years to win a third consecutive term of office.

1993 - Steven Spielberg's movie "Jurassic Park" opened.

 

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