537 - The Goths began their siege on Rome.
1302 - The characters Romeo and Juliet were married this day according to William Shakespeare.
1665 - A new legal code was approved for the Dutch and English towns, guaranteeing religious observances unhindered.
1702 - The Daily Courant, the first regular English newspaper was published.
1810 - The Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte was married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria.
1867 - In Hawaii, the volcano Great Mauna Loa erupted.
1900 - British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury rejected the peace overtures offered from the Boer leader Paul Kruger.
1901 - Britain rejected an amended treaty to the canal agreement with Nicaragua.
1905 - The Parisian subway was officially inaugurated.
1935 - The German Air Force became an official organ of the Reich.
1946 - Pravda denounced Winston Churchill as anti-Soviet and a warmonger.
1969 - Levi-Strauss started selling bell-bottomed jeans.
1985 - Mikhail Gorbachev was named the new chairman of the Soviet Communist Party.
1988 - A cease-fire was declared in the war between Iran and Iraq.
1990 - Lithuania declared its independence from the Soviet Union. It was the first Soviet republic to break away from Communist control.
1990 - In Chile, Patricio Aylwin was sworn in as the first democratically elected president since 1973.
1993 - North Korea withdrew from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty refusing to open sites for inspection.
1997 - An explosion at a nuclear waste reprocessing plant caused 35 workers to be exposed to low levels of radioactivity. The incident was the worst in Japan's history.
2002 - Two columns of light were pointed skyward from ground zero in New York as a temporary memorial to the victims of the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.
2004 - In Madrid, Spain, several coordinated bombing attacks on commuter trains killed at least 190 people and injured more than 2,000.