0515 BC - The building of the great Jewish temple in Jerusalem was completed.
0241 BC - The Roman fleet sank 50 Carthaginian ships in the Battle of Aegusa.
0049 BC - Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon and invaded Italy.
1496 - Christopher Columbus concluded his second visit to the Western Hemisphere when he left Hispaniola for Spain.
1629 - England's King Charles I dissolved Parliament and did not call it back for 11 years.
1806 - The Dutch in Cape Town, South Africa surrendered to the British.
1814 - In France, Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by a combined Allied Army at the battle of Laon.
1864 - Ulysses S. Grant became commander of the Union armies in the U.S. Civil War.
1876 - Alexander Graham Bell made the first successful call with the telephone. He spoke the words "Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you."
1903 - Harry C. Gammeter patented the multigraph duplicating machine.
1910 - Slavery was abolished in China.
1912 - China became a republic after the overthrow of the Manchu Ch'ing Dynasty.
1927 - Prussia lifted its Nazi ban allowing Adolf Hitler to speak in public.
1945 - American B-29 bombers attacked Tokyo, Japan, 100,000 were killed.
1947 - The Big Four met in Moscow to discuss the future of Germany.
1947 - Poland and Czechoslovakia signed a 20-year mutual aid pact.
1980 - Iran's leader, Ayatollah Khomeini, lent his support to the militants holding American hostages in Tehran.
1982 - The U.S. banned Libyan oil imports due to their continued support of terrorism.