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1813 - The first defeat of British naval squadron occurred in the Battle of Lake Erie during the War of 1812.

1845 - King Willem II opened Amsterdam Stock exchange.

1919 - Austria and the Allies signed the Treaty of St.-Germain-en-Laye. Austria recognized the independence of Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia.

1921 - The Ayus Autobahn in Germany opened near Berlin. The road is known for its nonexistent speed limit.

1926 - Germany joined the League of Nations.

1935 - "Popeye" was heard on NBC radio for the first time.

1940 - In Britain, Buckingham Palace was hit by German bomb.

1942 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt mandated gasoline rationing as part of the U.S. wartime effort.

1943 - German forces began their occupation of Rome during World War II.

1945 - Vidkun Quisling was sentenced to death in Norway for his collaboration with Nazi Germany after the 1940 invasion. He was the founder of Norway's National Party in 1934, which was an imitation of Hitler's National Socialist Party.

1951 - Britain began an economic boycott of Iran.

1953 - Swanson began selling its first "TV dinner."

1956 - Great Britain performed a nuclear test at Maralinga, Australia.

1977 - Hamida Djandoubi, convicted of murder, became the last person to be executed by guillotine in France.

1990 - Iran agreed to resume full diplomatic ties with past enemy Iraq.

1990 - Iraq's Saddam Hussein offered free oil to developing nations in an attempt to win their support during the Gulf War Crisis.

2002 - The "September 11: Bearing Witness to History" exhibit opened at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History.

2002 - Switzerland became the 190th member of the United Nations.


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