1429 - Joan of Arc defeated the besieging English at Orleans.
1502 - Christopher Columbus left Spain for his final trip to the Western Hemisphere.
1671 - Thomas "Captain" Blood stole the crown jewels from the Tower of London.
1915 - German and French forces fought the Battle of Artois.
1941 - The German submarine U-110 was captured at sea by Britain's Royal navy.
1955 - West Germany joined NATO.
1962 - A laser beam was successfully bounced off Moon for the first time.
1994 - Nelson Mandela was chosen to be South Africa's first black president.
2002 - In Bahrain, people were allowed to vote for representatives for the first time in nearly 30 years. Women were allowed to vote for the first time in the country's history.