1454 - Amerigo Vespucci was born in Florence, Italy.
1617 - The Treaty of Stolbovo ended the occupation of Northern Russia by Swedish troops.
1734 - The Russians took Danzig (Gdansk) in Poland.
1793 - Jean Pierre Blanchard made the first balloon flight in North America. The event was witnessed by U.S. President George Washington.
1796 - Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine de Beauharnais were married. They were divorced in 1809.
1822 - Charles M. Graham received the first patent for artificial teeth.
1839 - The French Academy of Science announced the Daguerreotype photo process.
1858 - Albert Potts was awarded a patent for the letter box.
1863 - General Ulysses Grant was appointed commander-in-chief of the Union forces.
1900 - In Germany, women petition Reichstag for the right to take university entrance exams.
1905 - In Egypt, U.S. archeologist Davies discovered the royal tombs of Tua and Yua.
1916 - Mexican raiders led by Pancho Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico. 17 people were killed by the 1,500 horsemen.
1936 - The German press warned that all Jews who vote in the upcoming elections would be arrested.
1945 - During World War II, U.S. B-29 bombers launched incendiary bomb attacks against Japan.
1964 - The first Ford Mustang rolled off of the Ford assembly line.
1965 - The first U.S. combat troops arrived in South Vietnam.
1967 - Svetlana Alliluyeva, Josef Stalin's daughter defected to the United States.
1975 - Iraq launched an offensive against the rebel Kurds.
1986 - U.S. Navy divers found the crew compartment of the space shuttle Challenger along with the remains of the astronauts.
2000 - In Norway, the coalition government of Kjell Magne Bondevik resigned as a result of an environmental dispute.