490 B.C. - The Battle of Marathon took place between the invading Persian army and the Athenian Army. The marathon race was derived from the events that occurred surrounding this battle.
1890 - Harland Sanders was born. He was the founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken.
1911 - Italy declared war on the Ottoman Turks and annexed Libya, Tripolitania, and Cyrenaica in North Africa.
1943 - During World War II Allied forces landed at Taranto and Salerno.
1976 - Communist Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung died at the age of 82.
1993 - U.S. and Pakistani peacekeepers opened fire on Somalis that were attacking other peacekeepers. About a hundred Somali gunmen and civilians were killed.
1997 - Sinn Fein, the IRA's political ally, formally renounced violence as it took its place in talks on Northern Ireland's future.