1871 - The Great Fire of Chicago broke out destroying about 17,450 buildings. About 250 people were killed and 90,000 were left homeless.
1915 - During World War I, the Battle of Loos concluded.
1950 - U.N. forces crossed into North Korea from South Korea.
1952 - "The Complete Book of Etiquette" was published for the first time.
1970 - Soviet author Alexander Solzhenitsyn won the Nobel Prize for literature.
1982 - In Poland, all labor organizations, including Solidarity, were banned.
1998 - Taliban forces attacked Iranian border posts.
2001 - Two Russian cosmonauts made the first spacewalk to be conducted outside of the international space station without a shuttle present.
2004 - The first-ever direct presidential elections were held in Afghanistan.